Top 5 programming languages to learn in 2021

Why do we need to learn programming language?


  1. Why we need to learn programming language? well world is rapidly growing and getting smarter way faster than compared to last 50years.Our world is developing new technologies almost every day and these technologies are mostly new softwares,AI,Robots,new hardware for computer and for more gadgets,etc.New tech has to be programmed to work as we wanted.

So for this they need good programmers and these programmers are paid very well for there work. 

So,to catch up with this fastly developing world you'll need to learn programming.

Main question raises here 

which programming language you should learn?

Well there are more than hundreds of programming languages in world. We comes here, we'll help you to pick right one.

Here are top 5 programming languages you should learn, yes they are 5 as these languages are popular and are in demand we ranked them in that way and a good programmer should know more than one programming language.









Python was created by Guido Van Rossum in 1991.Python tops the list because it is very popular and is much in demand in our time. 

Python is easy and simplest language to learn that all what Python is about.

It is best language to learn as a beginner because it has easy readability and simple syntax. It has excellent library support and has large developer community. Python is widely used to develope huge web applications. Blogger, YouTube, Pinterest, Instagram,etc were written in Python. There many huge companies are using Python like Google, Facebook, Netflix,etc.

Quick Fact: Python wasn't named after snake 'Python' but Guido Van Rossum was a fan of British Comedy troupe Monty Python,so he named his project Python.

Every programming language has its pros and cons which means you'll see in each language that we listed here,so let's have a look on it.


Easy to use

Vast library and support

interpreted language

free and open source

Dynamically typed language


Slow speed 

not suitable for mobile computing

uses large amount of memory

Python's database access layer is very poor

Design restrictions

For those who are seeking job in companies like these you need to know Python and some experience in programming. 

Salary: An average senior Python developer earn between $112,093/year in USA and in India an Python developer (experienced) earn between ₹1,150,000/year.



Java was created by James Gosling at Sun Microsystem, later acquired by Oracle.Java is Object Oriented Programming(OOP) language which makes Java fast to execute and easier.OOP makes Java codes DRY(Don't Repeat Yourself) which makes codes easier to maintain and debug. Java is platform independent which makes it capable to Write Once and Run Anywhere (WORA) means a code writen in Java can be run on any platform like Android, windows,iOS,Mac, etc.

Java is widely used to develop web application and big database. Java is used by many companies like Google, Twitter, Amazon, YouTube,etc.

Quick Fact: Java was early named as Oak but later named as Java by Sun's marketing department, because a computer company was already registered with the name Oak.

Let's have a look at its pros and cons.


It is Object Oriented programming language

Secure language

Platform Independent


Stable language


It doesn't have attractive look

It doesn't have any backup facility

Complex codes

Java is vey popular and is in demand by many companies, so Java developer earn very pretty.

Salary: An average Java developer earn $98,000/year (it varies at experience level) in US and in India an average Java developer earn ₹443,568/year.



JavaScript was created by a Netscape programmer called Brandan Eich, developed a new scripting language in just few days named as Mocha, but quickly became popular as LiveScript and,later as JavaScript.

If you want to be a web developer then JavaScript is language that is compulsory for you to learn. As 97% of website in internet are use it client side for web page behaviour.JavaScript has curly-bracket syntax, dynamic typing and it is prototype-based object-orientation,and has first-class functions.

js is most popular in the advertising and marketing industry.There are many famous companies who are using Js including Microsoft, Paypal, LinkedIn, Netflix, and Uber!

Quick Fact:In JS, there is not int(integer) data type. All numbers are Number type. Actually it store float value for int number in memory level.

Pros and cons of JavaScript Programming language:


Popularity (it is used everywhere on web)

It has pretty good speed

Interoperability(JavaScript play nicely with other languages)


Client -Side security

Browser Support

A JavaScript developer are In demand and paid very nice.

Salary: A senior JS developer earn

around $118,000/year in Us and in India An average Js developer earn around ₹338,078.



C++ is an object-oriented programming language which provides a clear structure to programs and allows code to be reused, reducing development costs.

It is one of the world's most popular programming languages.In today's world you can find C++ in most Operating system,Graphical User Interfaces(GUI) and the other systems. 

Many of the major applications of adobe systems were built in C++ .These applications include Adobe Photoshop and Image Ready, Illustrator and Adobe Premier. Adobe has released a lot of open-source code in the past, mostly in C++, and their developers have been active in the C++ community.

C++ is portable and can be used to develop applications that can be adapted to multiple platforms.

Quick Fact:C++ was Originally Called ‘The New C’

A programmer Rick Mascitti is credited with giving C++ its name, with the '++' indicating an improvement from C programming. 

Pros and cons of C++ Programming language:


Large Community Support

Compatibility with C


Low-level Manipulation


Security Issue

Absence of Garbage Collector

Lack of Built-in Thread

Salary: The average salary for a c++ developer is $112,987 per year in the US. In India average salary of C++ developer is ₹ 8,24,682 per year in India.



Swift is Programming language developed by Apple Inc.It was developed as a replacement for Apple's earlier programming language Objective-C. 

Swift was developed for creating applications for Mac computers and Apple’s mobile devices, including the iPhone, iPad, and Apple Watch. Like many modern programming languages.

Swift has a highly readable syntax, runs code quickly, and can be used for both client-side and server-side development. Swift tends to be swift and is faster than python.

Quick Fact: Swift was designed by Chris Lattner, same person who 

aso wrote LLVM.

Pros and cons of Swift programming language.


Improved scalability 

Safety and performance

Swift is fater than compared to objective-C


Poor interoperability with third-party tools and IDEs.

Lack of support for earlier iOS versions

Salary: The average salary for a ios developer is $117,166/year in the United States and The average salary for a ios developer is ₹ 25,513/month in India.


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