Brakes are considered by virtually all drivers as a technology that makes them feel safe and comfortable when driving their cars. While driving, it provides them a sense of control. As a result, they will attempt any speed level that is comfortable for them.
As a result, they are particularly terrified when their brake pedal is pressed firmly and their brakes lock up while driving; for most, this is the worst thing they have ever experienced.
Well, don't worry; we'll tell you what could have caused this issue and how to avoid it in the future.
If in any doubt, search online for car repairs near me and book your car in with a trained technician to diagnose and repair the issue.
What Causes Brake Pedal Difficulty and Brakes to Lock Up?
Your braking system might develop problems for a variety of reasons. Here are some typical causes to examine during fault examination if you want to know what causes brakes to lock up or hard pedal difficulties, however these issues are not totally comparable:
Brake Lines That Have Been Damaged -
The brake lines carry brake fluid from the master cylinder to the brake callipers. This fluid is required for the proper operation and functioning of your brakes. You won't be able to utilise your brakes until you have brake fluid, so if your brake line is broken, rusted, or leaking, it will prevent brake fluid from reaching your callipers, which isn't good. Depending on the degree of the damage, look for repair garage near me and request a mechanic to replace or repair your brake line.
Brake Calipers That Stick -
Brake callipers are one of the most important parts of your vehicle's braking system. Your brake pads are held against the rotors by the brake callipers. When you apply pressure, the kinetic energy in your rotor is transformed to thermal energy, slowing down your vehicle. If your callipers aren't working properly, your car won't be able to stop or slow down. This defect might cause your brakes to lock up, as well as other problems including sluggish steering and squeaky brake pedals. Although sticky brake callipers are unusual, if you detect any problems with your brake callipers, take your vehicle to a technician for evaluation.
Faulty Brake Pads -
Faulty brake pads are the most common cause of brake problems, including when your brakes lock up. Because the brake pads are utilised more often when driving, they are more susceptible to wear and damage. As a result, vehicle maintenance is required on a regular basis. You should change your brake pads when they are less than a quarter of an inch thick. Your pads should be visible through the spokes of your wheels. You may hear sounds when braking if your brake pads are worn out.
Low Vacuum -
A low vacuum is a typical reason of a harsh brake pedal. Vacuum is obtained from your intake manifold. The suction is supplied by a vacuum pipe that runs between your brake booster and your intake manifold. Your diaphragm cannot move if the engine vacuum pushing the diaphragms in your booster is less than the ambient pressure in the booster's rear end. Because the diaphragms aren't moving, pressing down on the pedal will be difficult. Bad Brake Booster - A malfunctioning brake booster can sometimes be the cause of harsh brake pedals. Both the front and back ends of your brake booster include moving components. The booster will not retain vacuum or take in ambient pressure if the diaphragm within fails. This condition makes it harder to depress the brake pedals.
Bad Brake Booster -
A malfunctioning brake booster can sometimes be the cause of harsh brake pedals. Both the front and back ends of your brake booster include moving components. The booster will not retain vacuum or take in ambient pressure if the diaphragm within fails. This condition makes it harder to depress the brake pedals.
Damaged Master Cylinder -
Your master cylinder is a critical component of your car's braking system, and it's usually found under the hood, opposite your brake pedal. Because it plays such an important role in the efficient operation of your braking system, if this component is completely destroyed, your brakes would immediately lock up.
Hard Braking While Driving -
You can't always prevent braking too hard while driving, but you should be aware that it has a negative impact on your braking system. Apart from the fact that it can cause your brake pedal to lock up, you may also have overheating difficulties, and the damage does not end at your brake tubes or pads; it also affects your tyres. For drivers who often brake hard, this might cause your ABS to activate at an inopportune moment, prematurely wearing out different braking components. It may appear insignificant in comparison to the other factors stated, but its consequences are not amusing.
If you've ever experienced what occurs when your brakes unexpectedly lock up while driving, you know how critical it is to examine your vehicle's braking system on a regular basis. If you discover any of these issues, you should address them as soon as possible. For those who don't know, you should take use of this knowledge. If you are still in doubt, search for car garages near me and speak to a car mechanic for further knowledge or have your car booked in for a full diagnostic.
What Should You Do If Your Brake Is Locked?
The procedure for repairing a locked brake is determined on the cause of the problem. As we now know, your brakes can lock up due to a variety of technical issues. So, before trying a repair, you should check your car and determine the root cause of the problem. Because if your brakes are locked, your vehicle will not move until you address the underlying issue:
Damaged Brake Lines -
You must replace a damaged brake line to obtain the greatest results, but make sure you acquire the correct brake line for your car. This is a critical point. If one wheel's brake line is broken, you should replace the brake line on the other wheel as well, as it may be damaged shortly. For the replacement, you'll need good brake fluid, new brake lines, rags, and some basic maintenance equipment like a lug wrench, screwdriver, and jack stand. If you like, you may utilise a car lift. You'll need to elevate your vehicle. Look for the mesh line that connects the metal side of your brake line to the piston's housing. Using a screwdriver, remove the retainer clip from the hose fittings. Place your rag or a can under the connection points once you've been able to remove the brake line's fittings at its connection points to keep the brake fluid contained. Make sure the brake fluid does not come into touch with your skin. If your line is connected to another component, carefully disconnect it. Install your new brake line using a reverse method now that your old brake line has been removed. That's all there is to it. You can always call your mechanic if you're not sure how to accomplish this.
Sticky brake callipers or defective brake pads -
Repairing a sticky brake calliper is not difficult. Even so, because you're dealing with a critical component of your brake system, you'll need to be mechanically inclined to do this repair. To do so, use your jacks to lift the side of the afflicted wheel, or a car lift to raise the complete vehicle. After that, use the appropriate socket to unbolt your brake calliper, then remove the calliper from its mount and release the brake pads. Clean your calliper using a brake cleaner to remove any dust, dirt, or oil from its surface. Clean the calliper pins as well. Examine your brake pads for wear. If there is any damage, it should be replaced. After that, oil the calliper pins before reinstalling them on the brake pads. To accomplish this correctly, you might require certain brake calliper tools. After that, return your calliper to its bracket and tighten it into place. You may now lower your car by coupling your wheels rearward.
Damaged Master Cylinder -
If your master cylinder is found to be defective, you will need to replace it. Replace your old brake fluid and bleed your brakes with a suitable master cylinder. Check all of your wheels for brake fluid drops and wipe them away. Fixing this problem can also keep your brakes from locking up when you're parked for an extended period of time.